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wave impedance

At a point in an electromagnetic wave, the ratio of the electric field strength to the magnetic field strength. Note 1: If the electric field strength is expressed in volts per meter and the magnetic field strength is expressed in ampereturns per meter, the wave impedance will have the units of ohms. The wave impedance, Z, of an electromagnetic wave is given by where is the magnetic permeability and is the electric permittivity. For free space, these values are 4 × 10^{7} H/m (henries per meter) and (1/36) F/m (farads per meter), from which 120, i.e., 377, ohms is obtained. In dielectric materials, the wave impedance is 377/n, where n is the refractive index. Note 2: Although the ratio is called the wave impedance, it is also the impedance of the free space or the material medium. 

