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radar blind speed

The magnitude of the radial component of velocity of an object, i.e., a target, relative to a radar site, that cannot be measured by the radar unit. Note: Radar blind speeds occur because of the relationship between the transmitted pulse repetition rate (PRR) and the received pulserepetition rate. The Doppler pulse repetition rate is the difference between the transmitted and received pulse repetition rates. For example, when the object is stationary with respect to the radar site, the reflected PRR is the same as the transmitted PRR and therefore a net zero signal is indicated for the radial component of velocity. If it happens that the Doppler PRR is the same as the transmitted PRR, i.e., the illuminating PRR, or it is a multiple of the transmitted PRR, a zero signal is also obtained and hence the radar is blind to these speeds, one for each multiple of the transmitted pulse repetition rate. It is not the absolute magnitude of the speed of the object that is measured, but only the radial component of the speed. The radial components of blind speeds, v_{m}, are given by v_{m} = mf/102, where v is the blind speed in knots, m is the multiple of the radar pulse repetition rate and the number of the blind speed, namely a positive integer, 1, 2, 3, 4, . . ., for the first, second, third, fourth, and so on, blind speed, is the wavelength of the illuminating radar in centimeters; f is the transmitter pulse repetition rate in pps (pulses per second); and the 102 is a units conversion factor. [From Weik '89] 

